ILLEGAL (1955)

Hollywood in the fifties was going through a transition. The moguls were losing control of the medium. Actors were becoming independent. Audiences were evolving.  Sure, scandals  still happened that were hushed up.  The argument, the  evidence, the testimony and the final sound of the gavel hitting wood can all be bought or controlled.  This was the moment in time that ILLEGAL (1955) was produced by Warner Brothers, the studio that often took stories  from “today’s headlines” continued to do so.

Edward G. Robinson at his cynical, fast talking best as  lawyer Victor Scott.  The script benefits  from W.R. Burnett  and James Webb.  W. R.  Burnett provided the original stories in novel or short story form for some of the seminal gangster and  film noir  classics that included Little Caesar (1929), The Beast of the  City (1932), The Asphalt Jungle (1949) and High Sierra (1941),  plus countless screenplay collaborations.

Director Lewis Allen  worked on such pictures  as APPOINTMENT WITH DANGER (1951) and  SUDDENLY (1954).   Add in a top cast of new for the time players  like  Hugh Marlowe, Nina Foch, Edward Platt,  and Albert Dekker .  Newcomers like Jane Mansfield, Deforest Kelley, Henry Kulky, Ellen Corby and others populated the  screen with taunt action.

Shades of the Warren William repentant lawyer picture  THE MOUTHPIECE from  1932 with a gritty fifties edge emerge.  District Attorney Victor Scott ( Robinson)  delivers an impassioned speech to a jury invoking biblical wrath that sends Edward Clary (A young DeForest Kelly) to the electric chair.   cott has  the highest conviction rate of  anyone previous as  he plays to win.  A  reporter badgers him, asking if he will run for Governor and saying that he  is “too ruthless.”  Scott waves his comments off as him being good at  what he does.


New  evidence comes to light in the form of a deathbed confession by an accomplice, taken down by investigator Ray Borden (Hugh Marlowe), proving Clary innocent .   Scott makes a  frantic phone call to the prison: too late to stop the execution.  Wracked with guilt, Scott goes on a drinking bender in seedy bars.  He is nursed somewhat  back by  his associate  Ellen Miles (Nina Foch), whom he gave her first job in the legal profession because her  father gave Scott his start.  Scott  tells her to marry Ray Borden and to “get out,” which hurts her deeply.  Scott slowly passes out in a chair, telling her  that it’s  “father’s orders” that she marry.



Victor  Scott resigns the District Attorney post and goes into lowly criminal law. The  fees are not so big as he has a playful debate with his loyal office person Miss Hinkel (Ellen Corby) as she wants to buy something that he cannot afford now.   Film noir is full of changes and that sets up a chain of events involving associates working for others.  A  big boss, Frank Garland (Albert Dekker),  becomes involved in a payoff and a murder.   Victor Scott’s business now booms as he gets back his wealth and prestige by employing  theatrics in the courtroom such as  swallowing poison, getting his client off in the court  and then rushing to a doctor to have a stomach pump.

The picture proceeds through Frank Garland’s  involvement and corruption that begins to influence events.  Garland controls companies and has been with many women; even one that one of his men brings to one of his parties. Garland remarks that he is acquainted with her and  gallantly gives her a carnation and smile, much to her escort’s disappointment.


The cast is wonderfully sleazy with a shine in ILLEGAL (1955).  Many moments by soon to be television actors like Ellen Corby (THE WALTONS) as the all- suffering Miss Hinkel who sets things right.

Henry Kulky,  who played Chief Curly Jones in first season of the television series VOYAGE TO THE BOTTOM OF THE SEA, plays a prizefighter on trial for beating up a man that is bettered by Victor Scott  in a rather one punch way.

Deforest Kelly  had a long career in theater and  films, mostly Westerns, plays the  accused killer Edward Clary at the film’s beginning.  Kelly went on to be immortalized as  Dr. Leonard McCoy in the television series STAR TREK and its accompanying  film franchise.

Ed Platt, who plays Scott’s replacement Ralph Ford, exudes authority with his voice and stature during the courtroom scenes.  Victor Scott puts him in his place when he tells him “Just remember when you get a thought sitting in that chair. I  have already had that thought.”  Investigator Bordon (Hugh Marlowe) unknowingly does a final bit of irony to Platt’s character when he calls him  “Chief” in a bar scene.  Edward Platt would go on to play Chief in the multi-award winning spy comedy television series GET SMART beginning  in 1965.

ILLEGAL (1955) moves fast with Edward G.  Robinson and others  clipping the  dialogue.  The picture has been compared to The Asphalt Jungle (1950),  due to W. R. Burnett’s presence and the similarity between the Jayne Mansfield role of Angel O’ Hara and the Marilyn Munro role as Angela Phinlay.   Mansfield is acceptable in this role as  she does her best with her presence and  tight  fitting gowns, while speaking in a Munroe like voice, plus singing a song in a dubbed  voice.  It was an attempt to do a similar launch by Warner Brothers for Jayne,  much like it was done for Marilyn.   ILLEGAL (1955) stands on its own as solid acting and a different  story with worthwhile twists and  turns.


STARDUST ELEGANCE: An opinion on simplicity and people.

Watching film for the  sheer enjoyment of it can  sometimes be  overpowering in the amount one  views.  I thought it  would a  good time to step back  -a  type of intermission-  and  look one of the admirable aspects of picture watching which is overlooked: its simplicity.  Embodying simplicity and elegance was TCM Networks  on air host Robert Osborne. March the 6th marked the anniversary of his passing  in 2017.  While TCM is not the only channel for film lovers to watch, it  did make Mr. Osborne a welcome and  often comforting presence for many over twenty years.

I recently took a spin through the Michael Curitz directed 1958 picture THE PROUD REBEL with Alan Ladd and Olivia de Havilland, who were ably supported by Dean Jagger, Cecil Kellaway, Henry Hull and a young Harry Dean Stanton among others.  THE PROUD REBEL (1958) has been called an unremarkable film;  “Saturday afternoon light fare,” which really doesn’t bother me. The formula driven story of a former Confederate soldier (Alan Ladd) who is searching for a doctor to cure his son David (David Ladd), happens to meet a female farmer in his search: Linnett Moore (Olivia de Havilland). She takes them in as a result of brushes with the law and aggressive neighbors.  What struck me after the end credits had rolled by was the simplicity of the story.  The warm feeling that it evoked came through its use of that tried and true ‘boy and his dog’ motif.

I also spent some time with an early Joan Crawford picture,  PAID (1931).  Joan did her best with the girl gone unjustly to prison role that was made interchangeable by  Barbara Stanwyck,  Helen Twelvetrees, Loretta Young, and others still worth watching .   The simplicity of the story and  the way the actors and  crew made the story stood out.

Forest Lawn Glendale pictures by the author

Errol Flynn’s grave with flowers placed by the author.

Spencer Tracy’s grave

Jean Hersholt’s  grave

Mr. Robert Osborne articulated some reasons why people watch classic film at a press conference I attended that never occurred to me. Amazingly, these experiences were a part of me I had not previously considered.  It was mentioned that the TCM network could be classed as a caregiver of sorts. Countless letters are received saying that the network gets people through periods of personal loneliness, unemployment, loss of a loved one, or any number of life transitions.

I, for one, went through a medical convalescence a few years ago of six weeks. I would watch one film, sometimes two, beginning very early in the morning as it was my habit to get up at that time. It was pretty cool to be able to catch up on many of the pictures I had stored on PVR. My medical troubles were short as l was fortunate to heal quickly. It is insular of me to not think of this for a person with a long term situation.

Robert Osborne spoke to this when he said that with our current world situation, why would people not want to see something uplifting?  The network has a tremendous loyal following that is like a family that no other network can boast. You don’t see conventions, festivals or cruises for other networks.  Some would say that networks such as this are selling your past back to you. This is fine since that was what the studio system did. Movies eased people though the Depression, wars, societal transitions with larger than life faces. Momentary escape from what was going on was pretty good for a dime.

Mr. Osborne stoically met everyone who wanted to meet him  in the lobby of the Roosevelt hotel and there were many, including myself.   I told him that I always wanted to say this to him:  I greeted him with, “Hello. I am Robert Osborne,” when it was my turn to which he replied, “Well,now you have.”

I have been very lucky in that we have attended the TCM CLASSIC FILM FESTIVAL in Los Angeles in the past as media people with access to press conferences at Mann’s Chinese theater and other  events.   Early morning coffee, muffin, chilly theater and  bleary eyed TCM folk answering questions plus volunteers will be always be a  good memory.    Dare I mention their elegance and simplicity once again? Yes.




The mystery play, with its creaking doors, sliding panels and bodies falling out of unexpected places has  long been a staple of  stage thrillers.  THE CAT  AND THE CANARY (1927), THE BAT WHISPERS (1930) and others were made into films with the  fusion of the forties of horror/mystery to come.

Boris Karloff, or “Billy Pratt” as his older brothers called him, takes center stage in name only in this John Farrow directed picture THE INVISIBLE MENACE ( 1938).

The picture clocks in at a mere fifty five minutes, suggesting that it was to be part of the bill with other features.   THE INVISIBLE MENACE (1938) does feature Boris Karloff on the poster and in the  trailer as Karloff returns. There  are many  fine performances crammed in to that short screen time.

The  story is Pvt. Eddie  Pratt  (nice reference to Boris in the cast), played by Eddie Craven, who  gets married to Sally (Marie Wilson) on pass. He smuggles her to his island base in his bag to spend their honeymoon.  The base  does not allow women, so poor Sally gets to hide under bunks, in lockers and boxes to evade being found.

The night is filled with fog and shadows as a man is found bayoneted and hung.   Lt. Mathews (Regis Toomey), Colonel Rogers (Cy Kendall) and Dr. Brooks  (Charles Trowbridge) all try to solve the murder with Jevries (Boris Karloff) becoming the harried suspect.  The FBI is called in the person of Colonel Hackett (Henry Kolker)  to drive the investigation forward and make an arrest.

Lt, Mathews, Col Rodgers, Dr Brooks, and Jevries have some amusing dialogue as they trade barbs. Their  mutual excuse of  ‘being in bed and read’  seems too similar.  When  Colonel Rodgers makes that observation he is told “not to pick on them.”   Colonel Hackett arrives in a tuxedo to take charge,  which he does  quite well.  The pace changes with rapid fire dialogue between Hackett and  Jevries, reducing him to a babbling mess, plus revealing a secret pass involving a trip into the jungle.   Henry Kolker does  well in the role as a change of pace from his usual slimy film noir gangster.  The dialogue  with Boris Karloff peaks in an excellent interrogation scene with both actors going at each other.

The comic relief is supplied  by Sally and her enlisted man husband trying to get privacy for their honeymoon.  Marie Wilson does her  trademark “innocent blonde” routine with bits of dialogue and chirpy screams at the right moment.


In her career, Wilson developed took the role of  ‘dumb’ blonde with a  figure  that ‘never quit’ to new heights.  She lost the role of ‘Billie Dawn’ in the film version of  BORN YESTERDAY to Judy Holliday.  This was  major disappointment for  her.  At that time a girl named  Norma Jean Baker  came onto the scene and changed her name to Marilyn Munroe, thus limiting Wilson’s career options.  Wilson did go on to a career  in vaudeville blackout shows in the forties with the  highlight  being a mock strip tease.  The stage was a forum for her work, even playing the title roles in GENTLEMAN PREFER BLONDES,  BUS STOP and BORN YESTERDAY on the stage in summer stock and  dinner theater.


Regis Toomey had a huge career in film, television, and silent  film; usually playing buddy roles for some larger name. He later moved on to soldiers and other characters. Toomey could do musicals, physical comedy and just be the all around smiley face.

Boris Karloff was featured on the bill for box office appeal.  The horror film genre ceased production and was banned  in the UK and the US because of the horrific, heavily censored story (yet still violent)  THE BLACK CAT (1934) and THE RAVEN (1935), in which he co- starred with Bela Lugosi. The pictures  featured  sadistic scenes like the flaying of flesh in silhouette and  themes of  necrophilia and  hints of incest. Those threads were still were apparent,  even after the Hays Commission came down on the films. The  versatile Karloff  found work in mystery films, playing Asian despots and detectives  such as the MR. WONG series for Poverty Row Studios.  The horror ban was  lifted in 1938 with his return appearance as  the monster  in THE SON OF FRANKENSTEIN (1939).   Karloff complained about these and his mad scientist pictures  to follow as  just walk through roles, but he  always put an effort to do a complete performance.  He was  dismayed at actors who complained about typecasting as he  felt it always gave him work and kept food on the table.    A lesson he learned  from his poorer traveling stock theater days in Canada when one had to learn how to fry an egg if you were lucky have one on an iron plus press your clothes under the mattress you slept on.

THE INVISIBLE MENACE (1938) also has an unbilled quick moment with Carole Landis before her career took off and tragedy struck.

THE INVISIBLE MENACE (1938) packs  a lot into its 55 minute running time. John Farrow keeps the action going in the fog:  a good way to not have spend money on a set and still be  effective. Farrow was married to Maureen O Sullivan. One of their children turned  out to be Mia Farrow, who later married Frank Sinatra. The picture  features performances and moments that go by pretty fast, and this makes for  good ‘pot boiler’ entertainment even if  you can easily figure out the mystery.













The sequel remains pretty much as it is today:  repeat box office receipts with the same formula.  That itself is passable in the day of the studio system when film output to fill the theaters with product was required.  Sometimes it works  as in BRIDE OF FRANKENSTEIN (1935) and sometimes it doesn’t, as in ANGELS WASH THEIR FACES (1939).   MEN OF BOYS TOWN (1941) is stuck in between for  running the gambit of good and solid to  not working at all. It depends in what you look for in a sequel.

MEN OF  BOYS TOWN (1941) was the  sequel to the massive hit  BOYS TOWN (1938).  The picture featured  Spencer Tracy in one of his most endearing roles as  Father Flanagan.  Author James Curtis, in his exhaustive biography of Tracy, mentioned that the actor hated the role and thought he  looked ridiculous in the collar.  Tracy  was  a devout Catholic himself, and was racked with guilt about his son being born deaf and prone to drink. Tracy felt that he was a failure as man for not having a healthy child as he still loved his son deeply. Tracy also wondered if  he was doing the real Father Flanagan justice with his  portrayal of him in the film as he himself was so inadequate.

Mickey Rooney takes a break from ANDY HARDY series and musicals with Judy Garland to reprise the  role of the grown up Whitey Marsh who in the first film was the smart, wise cracking tough guy that changes over the film to a compassionate person that helps others.

Bobs Watson, or the  ‘Hollywood cry baby,’ as he was known,  was gifted with the ability to shed buckets of tears on cue and is back as the cherubic faced, happy , smiling Pee Wee.

The picture opens with Whitey (Mickey Rooney),  who has now grown to be the mayor of Boys Town, announcing to the throng that Father Flanagan is returning. The school has reached a financial crisis as Father Flanagan reveals that he has borrowed the money to build the  new school facilities and all the loans are about to come due to his partner and financial officer of the school,  David Morris (Lee J. Cobb).   The new facilities are needed because of the policy to help every boy that comes to them as a result.   This fact is wonderfully illustrated in a moment with Whitey and two runaways from a brutal reform school that find themselves with no place to go, only to be taken in by Father  Flanagan.

Flanagan is called away to the criminal trial of  a boy, Ted Martley (Larry Nunn), who stands accused of killing a guard at a nearby  reform school.   Ted is unable to rise to hear his verdict as he is confined to a gurney due to paralyzed legs inflicted by the guards’  treatment.

Martley is taken to the infirmary of  Boys Town where he broods and does not smile, no matter how hard the other boys try to cheer him up. Whitley, Pee Wee and the gang try everything to make Martley smile, including a personally staged show with comic skits  featuring a  very inventive slow motion wrestling duo. All are met by stone cold silence.

Later, when a older couple, M.r and Mrs. Maitland ( Henry O’Neill and Mary Nash) come to Boys Town they bring a dog that Whitey mistakenly brings to Martley that breaks his brooding. Marley calls the dog Bohunk, yet doesn’t know it already has a home.

Moments  in  MEN OF  BOYS TOWN (1941) link up similar to the first film as boys  are  adopted. Miracles happen in the infirmary.  The brutal reform school is found out.  Whitey is adopted by the Maitlands, who have lost a son.  His  exit from Boys Town comes complete with Auld Lang Syn sung by the  actual Boys Chorale group. It goes for the tears, which happen in full buckets from Rooney, Bobs  Watson and others.   The Maitlands’ life of  parties and clothes does not work out. Rooney gets to dance at school dances in a sequence as he feigns not having the ability to hoof.  He rebels and gets tangled up with a young pint sized thug, Flip Brier (Darryl Hickman).  Interesting dialogue and actions as  Whitey tries  to deal with and reform and a smaller version of himself complete with gangster one liners and guns.

MEN OF BOYS TOWN (1941) was directed by Norman Taurog, who went on later to direct mainly teen beach musicals and some Elvis Presley films.  Some sequences were shot  at the real Boys Town in Omaha, Nebraska.

MEN OF  BOYS TOWN (1941) delivers the same sentimental feeling as the first film without the novelty.  Tracy is  steady in the role, offering a soothing voice,  even enjoying a game of handball in full robes.  The cast had grown up and  abilities had changed.  The ham radio technology is evident and plays a crucial part in the picture.  Many little sequences of fun like Flanagan hiding chocolates from Pee Wee and leading him on a  game of ‘hot and cold,’ only to amusingly ask him to empty his pockets when he takes too much. Justice is served as Father Flanagan’s line, ‘There is no such thing as a bad boy,”  sets the pattern for enjoyable if not sentimental fun.











The single light bulb of interrogation now shines on Marie Windsor as Mrs. Frankie Neall in the model B classic picture  THE NARROW MARGIN (1952).  The  subject is the  Femme  Fatale.  The term Femme Fatale is defined loosely as “a mysterious and seductive woman whose charms ensnare her lovers, often leading them into compromising, dangerous, and deadly situations.”  Film Noir is a literal breeding ground for this type of woman ranging from Lizabeth Scott (TOO LATE FOR TEARS), Jane Greer (OUT OF THE PAST), Barbara Stanwyck (DOUBLE INDEMNITY) and personal favorite Claire Trevor in BORN TO KILL.    THE NARROW MARGIN (1952) features one of the best both for  venom and poignancy.


To have one actor shine you must have a second actor doing their job well. It is a give and  take situation with actors; letting the other have  a moment.  In film, that becomes the  closeup or not making movement to steal a scene. Charles McGraw as Det. Sgt. Walter Brown plays brilliantly  with Marie Windsor as wife of hood Frankie Neall whose testimony is needed concerning  pay off operations. Mrs, Neall carries her late husband’s secret  list and since it contains important pay off names, naturally, certain parties will do anything to stop her from getting to her destination.  Sgt. Brown is reluctantly pressed into protecting her solo on a  train trip after his long time partner Sgt. Gus  Forbes (Don Beddoe) is gunned down on the stairs of a  tenement house during Mrs. Neall’s pick-up to the station.

Charles McGraw, in his trademark growl,  gives the character of Mrs. Frankie Neall one of the best intros to a character in all of the genre: even before the audience meets her.  Driving to the initial meeting, Sgt. Brown (McGraw) remarks that he already knows what she is like before they see  each other.  His partner (Beddoe) is mystified by Brown’s ‘special power’ since no one has met her yet.   Testy Sgt. Brown tells him that, “She’s the sixty-cent special. Cheap. Flashy. Strictly poison under the gravy.”  This rich line sets  up the audience for what is to come.


The policeman guarding Mrs. Frankie Neall is relived to get away from this duty.  Forbes asks if the music they hear is for welcome. The policeman says  “YUu don’t know how welcome. Turn that thing off.  Your escorts here.”   Director Richard Fleisher cuts to a shot of the figure looking up from the phonograph with  the requisite dangling cigarette and with smoke rising she moves to the men.  After an introduction that they are from Los Angeles,  she says, “How nice. How is  Los Angeles?” then looks at Brown and blows smoke in his face asking if  his “sunburn  wore off,” giving him a lingering smirk stare.

Mrs. Frankie Neal is dressed in a tight, white, patterned party dress which shows off Marie  Windsor.  She has the classic dark hair of the  evil woman in Victorian literature with a very  expressive face with cheek bones and eyes that will give you that “thousand yard stare” or  put you into more pleasurable pursuits.  Mrs. Neall argues  that she can pack her own things and is reluctant to go with them since  she is “taking a big chance.”  She is an independent woman who will not easily go with anyone or anything.   She even lets the list drop instead of placing it in Sgt Brown’s out stretched hand in another mark of contempt for the proceedings; yet she knows  she has to go.

The plans change with the  death of Sgt. Brown’s partner. On the train the two become travelling husband and  wife. Sgt. Brown and Mrs. Frankie Neal snipe at each other in the car going to the train as Brown wonders what he will tell Forbe’s wife.  Hard as nails Mrs. Frankie Neal says, “It’s fine  protection an old man who walks right into it an a weeper.”  No sentiment at all, only her life and getting to the destination.  Once on the  train, the two become dependent on one another. More so  when they find that one  of the killers is on the  train.   In many of the scenes Brown and Mrs. Neal  are so close  they could smell each other’s  breath, undoubtedly due to the small sets of this  B  picture plus they are in a train compartment.   Still, that proximity makes it possible for  a hint of romantic  entanglement which may or may not happen.

Brown wants Mrs. Neall to stay out of sight in the compartment. This forces him to bring her food and relieve her boredom.   Playing the portable phonograph and  playing solitaire are her only amusements.   Mrs. Neall doesn’t dress to  not attract attention either as she attires herself in a black (almost) peignoir type  gown and  jewelry .  This is a  woman not comfy with hiding or being told what to do. She is accustomed to standing up for herself and undeniably told to look beautiful to be  on the arm of a mobster.   Neall is accustomed  to being the center of attention, hence she  gives it  to Brown verbally when he meets  assorted characters and blonde  train passenger Jacquelyn  White (Ann Sinclair) and her precocious  son in the  dining car. This delays Brown bringing back her meal.  She is none too happy about the delay.


Subtle moments  of  jealousy on the surface from  Mrs Neall toward Jacqueline  White and Brown’s involvement  with her.  Is it  a reflection of  a love/hate or  in this case  to keep the focus on  herself and the business  at hand?  The killers are on the train and they know where she is. They will make a move as the destination gets closer and times more desperate.  The change of heart, a change of direction, identities  revealed,  and a desperate reach inside a closet all come into play in something that is not  what it seems.

Marie  Windsor is towering in THE NARROW MARGIN (1952).   She invests the role of  Mrs. Frankie Neall with a desperation and purpose which may seem over the top at times.  She is a  flirt with men; especially Brown, and  ready to flash those eyes in any direction.  She is proud and wants to live most likely more than ever, yet she draws  both Forbes and Brown into her orbit, leading to tragedy.


Marie Windsor, who was born Emily Marie Bertleson, was  in many noir and B pictures. She became  their queen, much like later fifties science fiction queen  Beverly Garland. Windsor  is  variations of the  role, but none quite hit the temperature of Mrs. Frankie Neall, due to the fact she had the brilliant Charles McGraw to play against in scenes of  venom and caustic cynicism. Brown and  Mrs. Neall  are classic trapped’ figures moving literally toward a fate.

The closest Marie Windsor  id  get to this level was as the  scheming wife  Sherry Beatty with eternal fall guy Elisha Cook Jr. in Stanley Kubrick’s  THE KILLING (1956).

THE NARROW MARGIN (1952) is all the more richer  for the work of Charles McGraw, Marie Windsor, and  a host of characters that move  in  and out of their influence. Brown has punch-ups similar to those in the James Bond picture FROM RUSSIA WITH LOVE (1963), and absentmindedly going in the  wrong sleeping berth to having  Jacqueline White’s child spot his  gun in his jacket.  It is all part of this trip with killers on the loose.  Every train must reach its destination and this one  does at a station in a way few would expect.



FISHNETS AND CIGARETTES: An Opinion on Rock and Roll, Youth and the Movies

Gone were the days of the Judy Garland, Mickey Rooney musicals with kids saving their farm, their home, their malt shoppe. Or something.  The sounds of “bobby soxer’ Frank Sinatra (who changed himself to record some of his biggest songs) changed to Bobby Darrin, Fabian, and others with that curled up lip, smoldering smile and sporting a cowlick. Women were not left out as Brenda Lee, and Connie Francis brought the new and controversial sound of rock and roll forward. Leading them all was, of course, Elvis Presley.

Rock and roll has been a key ingredient since Bill Halley first told us to rock around the clock. Films of this style, along with the beach movies of Frankie Avalon and Annette Funicello, Elvis Presley, even BOHEMIAN RHAPSODY (2018),  gave the people what they wanted to see.  The movies, which were sometimes “B” pictures, were often the first and sometimes only time people would see these performers.   They packed the theaters, sending kids to record shops afterward to buy 45s and later LPs.   You wrote some sort of a story, blended in songs like a musical and you had the new youth market.




The other side of these pictures is that they cross into exploitation film with the story of the juvenile delinquent. This was sometimes a leather jacketed, motor cycle riding girl or guy who can play a guitar. Film genres with titles like HIGH SCHOOL CAESAR, HOT ROD GIRLS, and the films of Mamie Van Doran became the motorcycle films of Peter Fonda, early John Cassavetes ,  and Bruce Dern.  The genre mutated with EASY RIDER (1969) and the advent of ALMOST FAMOUS (2000).


The mockumentary style of Rob Reiner’s THIS IS SPINAL TAP (1984) lends itself to authenticity and fun.  While it is a strong film in that it has appeal (it gives us a slice of the absurdity of rock and roll), it doesn’t give us a sense of the danger and consequence of our actions.

There is a price for everything. The dark horse choice for this style is SID AND NANCY  (1986).

SID AND NANCY was made in 1986 by Alex Cox with two unknown actors and true events that played out in the media at that time. The result is an experience that leaves a taste of metallic bitterness in your eyes.    It features  tour de force acting performances by Gary Oldman  ( chemically altered, perhaps?) and  Chloe Webb as the doomed lovers Sid Vicious and Nancy Spungen.  People will say that their mannerisms were excessive yet so is dangerous rock and roll music that teeters on the edge of violence, illicit behaviour and societal change. It pisses off people like your parents because you want something of your own.

Cox uses startling images of faraway expressions as Sid and Nancy watch their dreams of stardom unravel in the reality of no acceptance.  The best and most telling is the long slow motion kiss in the alley way as the trash falls slowly downward. These people are garbage to everyone except one another.

Characters grapple with delusional fame in a pitiful attempt to gain acceptance and show that they are worth something.  Rock and roll music is the background to all this with its deals, eccentric ways of doing business and general sanctioned lawlessness.

The film features a version of the Frank Sinatra tune “MY WAY,” which the real Sid Vicious did record and release.  Brilliant choice of song since its selection bridges a gap between the old and the new. It is also a statement of individuality.  Oldman turns a pistol on the audience in a chilling moment that was edited out of some prints.  He also points it directly to the camera in what could be an accidental homage to the sequence in the ground breaking western THE GREAT TRAIN ROBBERY (1903).

Youth pictures by American International Studios and  Columbia included DON’T KNOCK THE ROCK (1957), ROCK AROUND THE CLOCK (1956) and other titles that sported rock and roll, girls, guys and bewildered parents.

Exploration film done by independent companies and  some questionable film makers  such as  Russ Meyer and his seminal cool  picture  FASTER PUSSYCAT KILL KILL (1965) rose to fill the drive in culture and seedy movie houses.  Trash was cool.

Pictures of this style I enjoyed were Richard Lester’s HARD DAYS NIGHT (1964), CONTROL  (2007) (directed by Anton Corbijn),  Oliver Stone’s THE DOORS (1991) and Franc Rodam’s  QUADROPHENIA (1979) and Claude Whatam’s THAT’LL BE THE DAY (1973).

Music is a part of all these pictures.  Yet, it is the stories that they tell – either of an era or a dream – that makes them not just musicals.    A STAR IS BORN went from Janet Gaynor to Judy Garland and Barbara Streisand now to Lady Gaga with different musical styles. proving the story is universal along with music.  Rock music today has splintered into groups of fans and many different genres similar to today’s film world.  The music, film and now television and the internet tread a path toward occasional seismic change. That is what keeps it vital.


Connecting truth, scandal, fabrication and lies are a huge guilty pleasure that gets the audience thinking, talking and yes, writing. Hollywood loves to take a look at itself in complimentary and not so complimentary ways.  Pictures such as  WHAT PRICE HOLLYWOOD (1932) ,  SOULS FOR SALE  (1923), IN A LONELY PLACE (1950),  THE BAD AND  BEAUTIFUL (1952), SUNSET BOULEVARD (1950),  the vicious DAY OF THE LOCUST (1975), BARTON FINK (1991), THE PLAYER (1992),  and MATINEE (1993).  The list goes on.   The  2006 Focus Features picture HOLLYWOODLAND enters onto that list with a  difference: it is an inquiring, sympathetic look at the death of fifties SUPERMAN TV star George Reeves. That “solved” incident is connected with our friends from the E. J. Fleming book THE FIXERS at MGM: none other than Eddie Mannix and Howard Strickling.

HOLLYWOODLAND  (2006), which was shot in California and Ontario, Canada, using many Canadian actors in supporting roles, features Adrian Brody as the fictional Lewis Simo. He is a cheap private investigator operating out of a motor court with his girlfriend Kit Holliday (Caroline Dhavernas).

Simo is taking money from a client, Chester Sinclair (Larry Cedar), whose wife is having ‘unauthorized carnal relations.’   Simo says all the right gumshoe phrases, offers Sinclair a shoulder yet no solution. He gladly talks Sinclair’s cash fee for expenses with a straight face. Sinclair leaves the motor court and Simo sheepishly says ‘ that it’s money’ when Kit says that the whole thing isn’t  right.   Simo visits his ex-wife Laurie (Molly Parker) and learns that their son is upset over the recent  death of Superman.  Simo finds  his son Evan (Zach Mills) tossing things around in their backyard when he goes to drive him to school.  Laurie tells him that all the  children are upset at the death of Superman.

Simo tries to reason with Evan on the way to school, giving him an Etch- a- Sketch drawing machine as a gift. It is tossed away.   Simo then says  in a  wonderful bit of  dialogue  to his son that ‘That astronauts, cowboys and people like that that one sees are not real.”   Evan knows but it doesn’t stop him from staring out the window as they drive.

After  dropping Evan off at school Simo heads to a  diner where he meets  a former  police colleague to get a lead on something they won’t  touch.   Simo gets razzed about  not being a real detective yet gets fee the headline of  George Reeves’ suicide that is screaming out of the paper. The police will not touch it because it is close to MGM ,who have closed the case.    Simo launches himself into the case as he senses a large payoff.

The picture unfolds in a series of  flashbacks in the neo noir style where we meet George Reeves (Ben Affleck) and follow his career in show business and his romance  with  Tonie Mannix (Diane Lane).  Solid  on screen chemistry between Lane and  Affleck as  they flirt themselves to dinner, a  walk, a  cuddle  and into bed after meeting  at a party.  Reeves  wakes up the next morning and realizes he has slept with wife of  Eddie Mannix. The Eddie Mannix who runs MGM studio.  This fact does not sit well for his career or so he thinks.

The relationship grows and Reeves auditions for a cheap television show called SUPERMAN which he doesn’t think will last but it’s money.

The picture moves  back to the present with Simo convincing  Reeves’ mother Helen Bessolo (Lois Smith) that she should pursue the truth by getting the right headline in bold type.  Bessolo is convinced her  son did not commit suicide and  agrees to pay Simo to find the truth. She can only pay by cheque, though.

The investigation and Reeves’  career and  relationship with Tonie Mannix  go back and forth in a non confusing pattern to the story.    The picture reaches  a  conclusion that is somewhat ambiguous, but it was dealing with the actual events.  Along the way we  meet a series of  interesting characters like Reeves’ manager  Art Weisman, played  with style  by Jeffery DeMunn.  The actor may appear to be a cliche  manager; he is always fast talking  with a smooth, almost friendly approach that I think is a blend of  people like Lew Wasserman who ruled  Hollywood after the  studio system’s collapse

Robin Tunney does a  funny and aggressive  turn as Lenore Lemon. She was  the  woman that broke up  Reeves and  Tonie Mannix.  Lemon is a gold  digging, dark haired woman in the femme fatale tradition.  Tunney plays her with gusto and  open sexuality in clothes and manners representative of ‘party girls’ that attended  functions to be with them and perhaps  get money or  recognition.


Ben Affleck does  well as  George Reeves. He apparently threw himself into research for the role.  Affleck watched the entire  SUPERMAN television series, and studied Reeves’ voice patterns  in tapes and commercials.   He does an excellent job with some  minor makeup additions to his face to look like Reeves, particularly in the credits of  the  SUPERMAN television series.  Affleck later said he took the role because it was a broken character, plus it distanced him from the large budget pictures he had been cast in before.

A tension filled moment happens when Reeves,  in a live action stunt as  Superman is confronted by a  child who  unwittingly points  a real gun at him, wanting to see the bullets  bounce off.  Interestingly,  both Lane as Martha Kent and Affleck as  Bruce Wayne/Batman would connect in another superhero drama,  JUSTICE LEAGUE (2017).

Diane Lane shine as Tonie Mannix with laughter, a beguiling smile, wonderful  face and  eyes  that seem to dig right into Affleck on screen.  Lane  wears the clothes well, as do all the actors.  Tonie Mannix  was a former  dancer. It was a shame that that was not put into the screenplay.

Bob Hoskins as  Eddie Mannix and Joe Spano as Howard Strickling absolutely steal the show.  Hoskins is tough and coarse, almost  Tony Soprano like in his physicality and voice. Mannix was connected and this maybe an exaggeration.  Hoskins jumps out of one particular scene  when Reeves, Tonie, Mannix and his Asian mistress are at dinner. Reeves tries to engage Mannix’s mistress in conversation when Mannix growls at him not to talk to her.  When Reeves inquires as to why Mannix tells him with a wry smile that she  doesn’t  know  English.

Joe Spano also comes  across  as  the smooth yet direct Howard Strickling whose job is  to make things right when something prevents one person from buying a  ticket to a  film.  Spano’s  Strickling is smooth and erudite with a hint  of menace. He is someone who does his job with ruthless precision.  Hoskins and  Spano both make the best of  limited  screen time, which makes what they do more interesting.

The key scene, and  you can take from it what you will, is between Mannix and Tonie.   Tonie has just told Eddie that Reeves is leaving her. Mannix tells her  that she is lovely and he will do anything to protect her happiness.  HOLLYWOODLAND  shows three examples of  Simo’s possible investigation by presenting three ways  that  Reeves may have  died.  Each is different, some  conjecture, but they are presented as ideas of what might have happened.

HOLLYWOODLAND (2006) was helmed by  television director  Allan Coulter who replaced Mark and Michael Polish. They were up and coming filmmakers who worked  with actors James Woods and Nick Nolte on successful Festival Feature NORTHFORK (2003) and the Billy Bob Thornton feature THE ASTRONAUT FARMER (2006).

Facts are changed, characters are written in and events  are  condensed in HOLLYWOODLAND (2006). The facts  are that Mannix  did have  a wife named  Tonie who had numerous  affairs of which he had  full knowledge and encouraged. Mannix  encouraged them because  it made Tonie happy.   Mannix also had an Asian mistress among others, all with full knowledge of his  wife.

HOLLYWOODLAND (2006) is as entertaining as the historical fiction or fact books one finds on the  shelves.  Symbolism abounds  with what we do for money, also that we  don’t listen to people or really know what they do.  How much to we  really know people is brought  out with a moment between Kit and Simo at night.  Simo really doesn’t know what Kit can do or  what she is capable of.

If one watches HOLLYWOODLAND (2006) for the well paced action, the characters, brilliant wardrobe plus cars and  a story of what might have happened without hitting one  with conclusion over the head then it is enjoyment.  Reeve’s death is  still a true  event in Hollywood history that has been officially solved. Or has it?